Indigenous folks used yucca (below) to make shampoo, food, fibers for baskets and ropes, and medicines to treat diabetes and arthritis.
Natives to this canyon used the leaves, roots, or fruit of Oregon-grape (below) roots to make yellow dye as well as medicines to treat acne, rheumatoid stiffness, dysentery, wounds, and stomach troubles. They used the berries to flavor soups.
"Only to the white man was nature a wilderness and only to him was the land 'infested' with 'wild' animals and 'savage' people. To us it was tame, Earth was bountiful and we were surrounded with the blessings of the Great Mystery." ~Black Elk, Oglala Lakota Sioux, 1863-1950